Ethnic expedition to 5 undiscovered tribes of the world's newest country: Mundari, Toposa, Jiye, Larim and Lotuko


February 14 - 25, 2022
Tour to South Sudan

tour to South Sudan expedition to Mundari Dinka cattle herders Toposa Jiye Larim Lotuko tribes travel trip to South Sudan tribes ethnic photo tour

travel to South Sudan
We invite you to join the ethnographic route to discover some of Africa's most traditional tribes. South Sudan is Africa's newest country and it has not yet been discovered by tourism.

We will bring adventurous travelers to the virgin territory of Mundari cattle herders, the tallest people on Earth, who still live in the Stone Age on the banks of mighty White Nile river in full unity with their livestock, and discover four other traditional tribes hidden in the hills of Eastern Equatoria state.

The ethnographer accompanies the team throughout the whole itinerary.

Tour to South Sudan. We invite you to join the ethnographic route to discover some of Africa's most traditional tribes. South Sudan is Africa's newest country and it has not yet been discovered by tourism.
We will bring adventurous travelers to the virgin territory of Mundari cattle herders, the tallest people on Earth, who still live in the Stone Age on the banks of mighty White Nile in full unity with their livestock, as well as to four other traditional tribes hidden in the hills of Eastern Equatoria state.


: February 14 – 25, 2022
Duration: 12 days / 11 nights
Number of participants: 8 – 11

Cost per person
- EUR 4090 subject to 10 – 11 participants or
- EUR 4290 subject to 9 participants or
- EUR 4490 subject to 8 participants
10% early booking discount (in case you book before October 14, 2021)

Everything is included (incl. domestic flight and full board meals)
except for:
- international flight to Juba roundtrip,
- international medical insurance,
- lunch and dinners in Juba and Torit,
- visa of South Sudan (e-visa to be purchased in advance at EUR 100).
Estimated cost of international flight Moscow – Juba – Moscow: EUR 600 – 900 (to be purchased by your own).

Single supplement: 450 EUR per person (it is provided along the whole itinerary).


Day 1.
February 14, 2022. ARRIVAL IN JUBA
Arrive by air in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, the youngest country on Earth. Obtaining visa upon arrival at the airport. The guide will meet you at the airport and transfer to the hotel Royal Palace. Arrange travel permits (stamp in passport). The rest of the day is free to relax or explore.
Rest and overnight in hotel Royal Palace.
* Recommended flight:
- Egypt Air via Cairo, departure from Moscow on February 13 at 17:05 with flight MS-730 and then departure at 4:05 a.m. from Cairo to Juba on flight MS-459, arrival in Juba at 8:00 a.m. on February 14, or
- any other flight arriving in Juba at any time on February 14.
Meals: not included
Accommodation: hotel Royal Palace in Juba

Day 2. February 15, 2022. JUBA – KAPOETA – TOPOSA TRIBE
In the morning, after breakfast, transfer to the airport. Domestic flight to Kapoeta (1 hour flight), to the eastern part of the country. Kapoeta is an ideal base to explore Toposa tribal territory.
The Toposa are Turkana speaking cattle rearing people that have resisted western influence to this date. Toposa have traditionally lived by herding cattle, sheep and goats, and in the past were involved in the ivory trade. They have a tradition of constant warfare, usually cattle raids, against their neighbors.
Visit the market. After lunch drive to a Toposa village (3 hours drive from Kapoeta) and spend the night in tents with the community.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: tents

Day 3. February 16, 2022. TOPOSA TRIBE – JIYE TRIBE
Breakfast and morning photography with the Toposa and long drive (3-5 hours depending on the season) to Jiye tribal area.
The Jiye are related to the Toposa but now they are enemies. The Jiye are a minority and have special traditions such as the fortress-type villages and their upper lip piercings and scarifications. Reach the Jiye area and camp there after having visited two big villages. Enjoy the intense welcome dances.
The Toposa and Jye belong to what has been called the "Karamojong cluster", which also includes the Karamojong people of Uganda, the Nyangatom people in south western Ethiopia and the Turkana people of Kenya.
Both Toposa and Jiye tribes continue to dress in their traditional clothes (leather-beaded skirts) and pierce their lips and scarify their arms, chests, and faces. Each scarification is a work of art.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: tents

Day 4. February 17, 2022. JIYE TRIBE – KAPOETA
Breakfast. Last visits around the Jiye communities. Drive back to Kapoeta.
En route stop at Toposa village.
The Toposa economy and social life revolves around herding livestock, including cattle, camels, donkeys, goats and sheep. Boys are first given care of goats and sheep, then graduate to looking after cattle when they come of age. Possession of cattle, along with possession of a loaded gun, are the main measures of status and wealth. Cattle are central to Toposa culture. The Toposa have always competed for water and pasturage with their neighbors, and have always engaged in cattle rustling. The Toposa also pan for gold and other precious minerals in the stream beds.
Arrival in Kapoeta and check-in in the basic conditions bungalows at Mango camp. Shower and relax.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: simple bungalows at Mango camp

Day 5. February 18, 2022. KAPOETA – BOYA HILLS (LARIM TRIBE)
After breakfast drive (2-3 hours) to Boya Hills to meet the Larim (Boya) tribal minority.
Larim speak Murle and are excellent architects. They also pierce their nose and lips and scarify their bodies and considered to own the most sophisticated scarifications in whole Africa. Larim keep cattle and grow seasonal crops, such as sorghum, maize and beans. Widowed women wrap vegetable cords around their legs and head. Larim is considered one of South Sudan's most traditional groups.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: tents

After breakfast drive (4 hours) to mountain kingdom of ruled by a priest-king. Interesting Medieval (14th century) stone walls. Explore the village and meet the Lotuko people.
Lotuko people are a Nilotic ethnic group that populates the region characterized by ranges and mountain spurs such as the Imotong mountain, the highest mountain in South Sudan.
As agro-pastoralists, they keep large herds of cattle, sheep and goats, and supplement this with hoe-farming, hunting, and fishing. Land is owned by no single person, but in trust by the community. In the mountains, after finding a site, the group decides the boundaries of each person's garden, with certain areas being fallow for a number of years.
Lotuko's religion is based on nature and ancestor worship that is deeply rooted in their ethnic identity.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: tents

Day 7. February 20, 2022. LOTUKO TRIBE – TORIT
Breakfast. After last visits around the village, farewell from the mountain kingdom and drive (2 hours) to the town of Torit. En route we can see the local life.
Check-in at Torit Vision Hotel. Dinner in Northern Sudanese restaurant on the main colonial street.
Meals: breakfast, lunch
Accommodation: Torit Vision Hotel

Day 8. February 21, 2022. TORIT – JUBA
After breakfast long drive (8 hours) to Juba. Lunch on the way. En route stops in town, such as Liria. Reach Juba and check-in in the hotel.
Dinner in Da Vinci restaurant at your choice with nice views over Nile River and old metal bridge (the only place in Juba to take pictures of the Nile) or at Notos, in Old Juba quarter with nice Sudanese, Indian and Mediterranean cuisine.
Meals: breakfast
Accommodation: hotel Royal Palace

Breakfast and morning visit Konyo Konyo market and the old botanical garden near the White Nile. Lunch and drive by 4x4 vehicles to the South Sudanese bush. 2-3 hours drive to Mundari tribal territory located between Mayong and Terakeka, where Mundari cattle camp is nomading depending on the season.
After having checked with the local authorities drive to a cattle camp to encounter the Mundari people and their long horned cattle. The cows and bulls return to the camp before sunset.
Mundari are a small ethnic group related to the Nilotic peoples. Mundari, together with neighboring Dinka people, are sometimes noted for their height. With the Tutsi of Rwanda, they are believed to be the tallest people in Africa.
The traditional Mundari tribal lands are located roughly 30-100 kilometers north of Juba, the capital of South Sudan, and are centered on the town of Terakeka in the state of Central Equatoria. The land, like much of South Sudan, is predominantly flat and marked by occasional isolated large hills. The low-lying land contains many rivers and lakes and provides a very fertile basis in support of cattle grazing.
Meals: breakfast, dinner
Accommodation: tents

Days 10 – 11. February 23 – 24, 2022. MUNDARI CATTLE CAMP
Two full days to see aspects of the Mundari daily lifestyle. The cows return to the camp around 6pm and they leave the camp around 10am every day, so this is the most interesting time for photography and observing the lifestyle of Mundari.
Visit the camp and small Mundari villages where facial and body scarification are still practiced to this day. In common with other Nilotic tribes in Sudan, the Mundari practice ritual scarification as a rite of passage into adulthood for young men. The typical Mundari scar pattern consists of two sets of three parallel lines, each on either side of the forehead, extending in a downward slope and unconnected in the middle.
Mundari villages are also interesting because of vernacular architecture: huts, black and white totems, and granaries beautifully built.
The Mundari, like other Nilotic tribes, are very cattle-oriented: cattle serves as food, a form of currency and a mark of status. Marriages are arranged by the prospective groom offering cattle to the bride's family and husbands may take as many wives as they can support. The Mundari engage in perennial cattle raiding wars with the neighboring Dinka during the dry season. In order to secure their cattle, Mundari men at night take their weapons and go to the bush.
Mundari have kept alive animistic religion while the neighboring Dinka have lost most this traditional ways due to war and conversion to Christianity.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Accommodation: tents

Day 12. February 25, 2022. MUNDARI CATTLE CAMP – JUBA – FLIGHT HOME
Last morning photography. Breakfast and farewell from Mundari land. Drive to Juba.
Afternoon to relax at the hotel. Day use hotel 2 rooms for the team.
At the arranged time transfer to the airport, trying to be at the airport 3 hours before the scheduled departure time. Flight back home.
* Recommended flight:
- Egypt Air via Cairo, departure from Juba at 15:30 on flight MS-860 and then departure from Cairo to Moscow on flight MS-729 at 10:35 am on February 26 and arrival in Moscow on February 26 at 16:05, or
- Ethiopian Airlines via Addis Ababa, departure from Juba at 17:20 on flight ET-355 and further from Addis Ababa to Moscow on flight ET-760, and arrival in Moscow on February 26 at 8:15 am, or
- any other flight departing from Juba no earlier than 15:30 on February 25
(an extra night in Juba is possible at extra cost).
Meals: breakfast
Accommodation: day use hotel

* The order of visits and excursions can be modified according to local conditions (i.e. state of roads, market days etc.). If some visits and/or tours could not be done due to external conditions, they will be replaced when possible.

** The participant of expedition to South Sudan must be motivated to be respectful to the culture of local tribes, be aware of the objectives of the trip and possible program changes depending on weather conditions, security conditions and any other reasons, be able to adapt to the new environment and culture.


Excellent program and operation. South Sudan (FEB 2020) was above my expectations. Very clear pricing / cost.

Опубликовано Babis Bizas Воскресенье, 26 июля 2020 г.
Cost includes:

  • Domestic flight Juba – Kapoeta
  • Accommodation in hotels, camps (bungalows), based on TWIN/DBL accommodation
  • Accommodation in tents based on SINGLE accommodation (or DBL accommodation for couples)
  • Full board meals along the whole route, prepared by experienced cook during the expedition days, except for Juba and Torit
  • Breakfasts in Juba and Torit
  • Drinking water along the whole route, except for Juba and Torit
  • All transport, transfers to and from the airport
  • SUV vehicles in good condition with working air conditioner, with experienced driver and fuel (maximum 2 people on the back seat, each person has a window access)
  • Camping gear (including tents and mattresses)
  • Experienced English speaking guide
  • Experienced Russian and English speaking team leader, ethnographer
  • All permissions and police papers
  • Visiting tribes and excursions, all payments to the tribes
  • Visa support
  • Obtaining and payment for entry permit

Cost excludes (to be additionally paid):

  • International ticket to Juba roundtrip
  • Medical insurance
  • Electonic visa (to be purchased in advance at EUR 100)
  • lunches and dinners in Juba and Torit
  • PCR COVID tests before departure
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Tipping guides and drivers
  • Single supplement

To take with:

• sets of clothes suitable for the weather conditions, including lightweight clothes (shorts, T-shorts), and warm clothes (hoody, light jacket), long sleeve clothes
• sun hat/panama
• swimwear
• raincoat
• comfortable trekking footwear, light footwear (sneakers)
• sleeping bag for warm weather
• mosquito net
• personal hygiene items
• individual medical kit (analgetic, antiseptic, antibiotic, antiviral, intestinal, multivitamins, rehydron, court plaster, your personal medications)
• Yellow fever vaccination certificate
• anti malaria prevention pills (up to you)
• sunblock set (cream, spray)
• repellents
• sunglasses
• big backpack for stuff
• small backpack for radial walks (25 – 30 L)
• headlamp
• favorite meals (chocolate, nuts)
• photo and video camera, extra batteries
• optional donations for tribal people: anti malaria drugs, anti-septic spirit, cotton wool, eye drops, traditional tobacco (can be bought in Juba), plastic or ceramic beads for body decoration & string

South Sudan

Best season: November - April

Discover virgin territory of Mundari cattle herders, the tallest people on Earth, who still live in the Stone Age on the banks of mighty White Nile river in full unity with their livestock. They are famous for their numerous cow herds, kept with Kalashnikov guns, and elaborative vernacular architecture.

Explore Toposa and Jiye tribal villages – the most authentic tribes of "Karamojong cluster", which also includes the Karamojong people of Uganda, the Nyangatom people in south western Ethiopia and the Turkana people of Kenya.

Larim tribe populated Boya Hills area – one of South Sudan's most traditional groups, who still practice nose and lips piercing.

Mountain kingdom of Ilieu ruled by a priest-king, and Lotuko tribe in the mountainous region with Imotong mountain, the highest mountain in South Sudan.

Living in the cattle herders camp following nomads in the swamps of White Nile river.

The world's newest country!
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