Ethnic expedition to Dolgan reindeer herders of Taymyr peninsula, nomading across the Far North in the sledge houses

TAYMYR

April 12 to 19, 2021
Tour Taymyr Peninsula, Russia

tour to Taymyr to Dolgan reindeer herders expedition to Taimyr winter travel to raindeer herders festival to Khatanga travels to Russia

Our expedition on all-terrain vehicles goes deep into Tundra of an endless cold Taymyr Peninsula, where touristic companies don't know the ways, where unique of their kind reindeer herders Dolgans live their still traditional life, migrating with their baloks – square dwellings on sledges, covered with reindeer skins.

We will immerse into everyday life and culture of Dolgans, participate in Reindeer Herders Festival, hunt Aurora Borealis and feel like real researchers of the Russian Far North!

Our expedition on all-terrain vehicles goes deep into Tundra of an endless cold Taymyr Peninsula, where touristic companies don't know the ways, where unique of their kind reindeer herders Dolgans live their still traditional life, migrating with their baloks – square dwellings on sledges, covered with reindeer skins.

We are going to dive into everyday life and culture of Dolgans and feel as real researchers of the Russian Far North!

SCHEDULE & COST:

Dates: April 12 – 19, 2022

Duration: 8 days / 7 nights

Cost of participation per person: under construction

10% early booking discount (in case you book before November 12, 2021)

Everything included except for:
- Flight to Khatanga roundtrip (Krasnoyarsk region),
- Medical insurance,
- Russian visa (if needed),
- Meals in Khatanga

Estimated cost of flight Moscow – Khatanga – Moscow: 55000 – 70000 rubles. Usually bought on your own.

Single supplement: 6000 rubles (single accommodation is possible only in Khatanga).




TRAVEL PROGRAM: TOUR TO TAYMYR


Day 0. April 11, 2022. Monday. Flight to Krasnoyarsk

Evening flight from Moscow to Krasnoyarsk.

*
Recommendation for flight:
- from Moscow to Krasnoyarsk by Utair at 21:10 with arrival at 6:00 am on April 12,
- either by Aeroflot at 20:25 with arrival in Krasnoyarsk at 05:05 am on April 12,
- either by S7 at 21:40 with arrival in Krasnoyarsk at 06:15 in the morning on April 12.

Meals: not included

Accommodation: no


Day 1. April 12, 2022. Tuesday. Arrival in Khatanga, Taymyr

Yearly in the morning (no later than at 6:15 a.m.) arrival in Krasnoyarsk. At 8:00 am flight by KRASAVIA airlines to Khatanga, Taymyr Peninsula (3 hours in the air).
In the afternoon arrival in Taymyr Peninsula, Khatanga, a village, located in the Far North in Krasnoyarsk Territory, some 600 km in the Northeast direction from Norilsk. Khatanga is one of the northern most villages in Russia.
Meeting the guide at the airport.
After lunch, we drive (1 hour by car) to Novaya village, one of the very few where the one still can meet Nganasan people.
Nganasan, according to some sources, are the most ancient of the northern peoples, and certainly the most northern. Once the Nganasans hunting wild deer inhabited the northern part of the Taymyr Peninsula.
The Nganasans were the last to engage in reindeer husbandry among the others.
Perhaps, their poor experience did not allow them to survive the difficult time, and in the 90s, having lost their reindeer, they were forced to move to modern settlements, such as village Novaya.
Today there are less than 800 of them, and those who remember the language and traditions are no more than two hundred.
We will visit the Nganasan people. Despite the fact that the Nganasan people live in modern houses, they are very distinctive. Until the last moment they remained true to their pagan beliefs and did not accept Christianity. Other peoples of Taimyr did not previously consider the Nganasans as potential partners in marriage, since they believed that they had "sewn faces" - the Nganasans put tattoos on their faces.
Even more interesting is their traditional clothing. Unlike other northern peoples, the Nganasans sew clothes in which there are only three contrasting colors: white, black and red. It is believed that in this way they resemble the loon - their totem animal, the most revered among all others. Nadezhda says that red symbolizes the sun, white - our world, and black - the world beyond the grave.
Nganasan footwear is unique in its kind. Like no other people, they sew shoes without socks that fit the foot of a mammoth. This once again points at the age of this people.
Transfer back to Khatanga and accommodation in apartments, with heating, hot water and Internet access. Dinner and overnight in apartments in Khatanga.

Meals: not included
Accommodation: apartments


Day 2. April 13, 2022. Wednesday. Transfer to Dolgans' nomad camp

Yearly departure by TREKOL all-terrain vehicles to the North-East, along Khatanga river to Popigay village or to the area of Syndassko or Novorybnaya villages (200 – 400 km, way time may reach 18 hours, depending on weather conditions).
Arriving to the Dolgan nomads camp in tundra in the area of Popigay/Syndassko/Novorybnaya village.
Dolgans are a Turkic people, who mostly inhabit Taymyr peninsula in the Far North of Russia. The Dolgans are the youngest people in Russia. They were recognized as a separate ethnic group only at the end of the 50s of the last century. The Tunguses (Evenks), who once inhabited the southern part of Taymyr and were engaged in reindeer herding, in the 18th century were influenced by the Yakut culture and language. On the other hand, from the west, the now dying out Samodeic people of the Enets brought their characteristics to the culture of the Tungus, who belonged to the Dolgan (Dulgan) clan. Thus, in the middle of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the cultural identity of the Dolgans began to form, until the 1950s, however, who called themselves "Sakha". Today it is generally accepted that the Dolgans are, in fact, "Tungus culturalized by Yakuts".
Originally, the Dolgans were nomadic hunters and reindeer herders, but during Soviet times things changed significantly. Dolgan people are famous for their baloks – square dwellings covered with reindeer skins. As opposed to other northern tribes of Russia, such as Neneth, Khanty or Chukchi who need to set up their teepees after each migrating across tundra, Dolgan do not need to spend time for that, as their houses are constructed right on the sledges! Dolgan reindeer herders invent balok in the middle of the 20th century, and started changing chum for baloks for the winter season. This innovation, which has now become a tradition, helps Dolgans to migrate in the extreme temperatures of the Far North, where in winter it often drops below -60 degrees.
Dinner (local food) and overnight in balok.

Meals: breakfast (lunch box), lunch (lunch box) and dinner are included.
Accommodation: balok (Dolgan tradition dwelling)


Days 3 – 4. April 14 – 15, 2022. Thursday – Friday. Nomad camp of Dolgan reindeer herders

We spend two full days in the camp of Dolgan reindeer herders, participating in the life of the nomads' camp. Trip to the herd, catching a reindeer. Master class on throwing a lasso. Ritual slaughter of a deer as an option. Workshops on cooking venison. Nordic cuisine.
Communication with reindeer herders, stories about tundra, culture and religion around the fireplace. Most Dolgans practice old shamanistic beliefs, however, some are influenced with Orthodox Christianity.
For lunch and dinner – traditional food of nomads (raw meat "stroganina", different types of Nordic white fish, "shurpa" soup etc.).
We go to tundra for seasonal hunting (quail, hare). If there are fish nets still in April, traditional ice fishing with Dolgans is possible.
If during the days of our stay the Dolgans decide to migrate, then we participate in the transferring of the entire camp, together with reindeer and all belongings, to a new place in tundra.
In the evenings we will hunt Aurora Borealis.
Overnights in balok.

Meals: breakfast, lunch and dinner are included
Accommodation: balok (Dolgan tradition dwelling)


Day 5. April 16, 2022. Saturday. Reindeer Herders Festival in Popigay

Early in the morning, departure by TREKOL all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles or reindeer sleds (depending on the distance) to the village of Popigay to participate in the Reindeer Herders Festival, if the festival is scheduled for that date.
If the Dolgans participate in the Reindeer Herders Festival on the dates of our stay, then we will witness the preparation of the entire herd and the move to Popigai for Reindeer Herders Festival.
During the day: photographing the Dolgans who came to the festival, competitions in national sports, the central of which is reindeer sledding races.
Overnight in Popigay at the local house in the family or at the Rural House of Culture in sleeping bags.

* Reindeer Herders Festival in Popigai is usually held on the third Saturday of April annually. The exact dates of the festival are determined by the local administration (usually in February-March) and in practice can be changed. In case Reindeer Herders Festival is not scheduled for this date, we can participate Reindeer Herders Festival in Novorybnoye or stay 1 day longer in the nomad camp of Dolgans.

Meals: breakfast, lunch, dinner included.

Accommodation: local house or house of culture


Day 6. April 17, 2022. Sunday. Driving to Khatanga

After breakfast on TREKOL vehicles, we return across the tundra to Khatanga (about 300 km). Lunch at Novorybnoye.
Late arrival at Khatanga. Rest after a long journey.
Dinner and overnight in an apartment in Khatanga (with heating, hot water and internet access).

Meals: Breakfast and lunch (lunch box) included.
Accommodation: apartments


Day 7. April 19, 2022. Monday. Excursions in Khatanga

After breakfast, visiting Museum of mammoth and the underground meat storage ice chambers called "lednik". At a depth of more than 30 meters under the earth, there is a polygon for shooting where we also can shoot with a rifle. Also in lednik we can try stroganina (raw meat) and other dishes in the IceBar.
Can be used as a spare day in case of bad weather.
After breakfast, visit the Mammoth museum, built in an old abandoned lednik near the river port, where you can find thousands of tusks and bones of mammoths and other animals that used to inhabit Taymyr. Permafrost from year to year squeezes the skeletons and tusks of mammoths to the surface. Local adventurers regularly go on expeditions in search of tusks. There is even such a common phrase "go into the forest for tusks."
Visit to the northernmost Orthodox church in Russia, the Khatanga Museum of Local Lore (Museum of Taimyr Nature Reserves) and "lednik" - a huge underground storage for meat and fish. More than 30 meters underground, we will explore the labyrinths and taste the sliced raw meat (stroganina) in the Ice Bar. Right there, there is a shooting range where you can shoot from a carbine.
Dinner at the Khatanga restaurant, where you can taste a wild goose or deer steak with lingonberry jam.
This day can be used as a buffer day in case of bad weather.

Meals: not included
Accommodation: apartments


Day 8. April 7, 2021. Tuesday. Flight back

Late breakfast and transfer to the airport. At 1 pm flight to Krasnoyarsk by KRASAVIA airlines. Arrival in Krasnoyarsk at about 5 pm.
Evening flight to Moscow by Utair flight via Tyumen or overnight in Krasnoyarsk and direct morning flight to Moscow.

* Recommended flight from Krasnoyarsk to Moscow by Utair airlines at 20:25 on April 19 via Tyumen (1 hour 40 minutes stopover) with arrival in Moscow at 23:45 on April 19.
* You can also take a direct flight from Krasnoyarsk to Moscow in the morning of April 20.

Meals: not included
Accommodation: not included


* The operator reserves the right to change the order of execution of the program subject to keeping of all activities. The program can also be changed subject to weather/road conditions

** Please note that flights from Khatanga to Krasnoyarsk may be delayed or canceled due to weather conditions. In this regard, it is recommended to buy a ticket Krasnoyarsk - Moscow at a refundable rate. It should be borne in mind that flights to / from Khatanga are not run every day. This may affect the length of stay in Khatanga.

*** Air tickets for KRASAVIA flights Krasnoyarsk - Khatanga - Krasnoyarsk can be purchased through our representative.

Film by ©️ Giovanni Giusto, 2019-2020. Follow Giovanni on Instagram
Фильм ©️ Джованни Джиусто, 2019-2020. Подписывайтесь на
Инстаграм Джованни
Cost includes:

- transfer to and from airport in Khatanga as per program and to Novaya village
- transport services as per program (TREKOL all-terrain vehicle, snowmobiles)
- accommodation in apartments in Khatanga (2 people in 1 room)
- accommodation in nomad camp in balok
- three meals daily in Dolgan nomad camp (national cuisine)
- activities (participation in Dolgan life) in nomad camp
- meals during transfer in tundra (lunchboxes)
- visiting museum and Lednik, ice chambers in Khatanga
- experienced English speaking driver-guide
- formalization of approval documents for entering border area (if needed)
- satellite communication for safety
- Russian and English speaking team leader services



Cost excludes (to be additionally paid):

- flight to Khatanga (Krasnoyarsk region) roundtrip
- medical insurance
- Russian visa (if needed)
- meals in Khatanga (not specified in the program)
- reindeer slaughter ceremony




To take with:

- very warm winter feather coat with windstopper
- warm hat with windstopper (two) and trousers, gloves with windstopper (two pairs is a must)
- warm boots, warm and waterproof high boots (two pairs of warm footwear is a must)
- wear sets up to the weather (warm wool socks, cotton socks, woolen sweater)
- thermal underwear
- sleeping bag for -5 Celsius degrees comfort temperature (can be about 0 temperature in the morning in dwelling)
- inflating tourist mattress
- sunglasses is a must
- mountain skiing glasses (advisable)
- balaclava or buff
- thermos
- head torch
- personal hygiene products (including wet towel wipes, towel, soap)
- minimum set of favorite snacks and drinks (nowhere to buy)
- personal medical kit
- sun and wind protection
- cameras, spare batteries, tripod

REVIEWS OF OUR CLIENTS
FROM PREVIOUS SIMILAR EXPEDITIONS:

Stefano Ci
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We went to Siberia (Nenets people) with Aleksey. It has been one of the best trips I have done so far. Amazing landscapes, snowy and desolated, that give you the feeling of infinite and you understand what it really means when nature takes over. Aleksey really supported us in everything including nespresso coffee in the morning since we are italians :) organization was very good, really suggested!
Дима Пупин
отзыв опубликован на Facebook
Главное в поездках с Алексеем - не только возможность увидеть далекие места и экзотические ландшафты - но и уникальная возможность пообщаться с людьми у которых в голове зашиты программы очень сильно отличающиеся от наших, собираюсь уже в третий раз в этом году с ним поехать - был в Нигере и на Ямале теперь мечтаю об Амазонии
Giacomo Carlini
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I really really recommend Mzungu Expeditions!! I've been in Siberia with him to take pictures to Nenets People. It is a hard trip, because of the weather and the cold, but Alexey organized everything very well, and we could travel and move as we wanted with no problem at all. Alexey works with local professionals, so the experience is rich, full and safe. I loved my trip with him!!
Sara Bianci
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I had an absolutely amazing trip to Yamal. Alex is a great tour leader and an exceptional person as well. The expedition bringhed me into the authentic nenets's life. Thank you mzungu expeditions! :-)
Marco Marcone
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Traveling in an authentic way, respecting people. Alex is reliable, experienced, a gentleman.
Dmitriy Shin
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Trip that touched! Right people, in the right place and in the right time and of cause with the right trip provider! This is a trip I want to go more! Thank you Alexey Kolbov and Mzungu Expeditions, thank you all guy's from trip who became a real friends for me!
Сергей Мартьянов
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Отлично съездили на Ямал. Приключений было выше крыши. Подобрала отличная команда.
Наталья Ципилева
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#ЭтоТундраДетка �
или как я оказалась на Крайнем Севере и узнала, что он бескрайний!
Накануне Нового 2018 года, в 6 утра, ожидая вылета на свободную Кубу, было принято решение ехать на Ямал.
Впереди было 3 месяца, чтобы собраться, но как это часто бывает, сборы откладывались до последнего. За 2 недели до поездки началась подготовка: покупка тёплых вещей, поиск туристических сумок, подбор спальника, термобелья, посуды, специальной обуви и так далее. Именно в этот момент я поняла, что это будет путешествие, которое будет отличным от всех других.
С момента прибытия в аэропорт Шереметьево и начались наши приключения. Внезапный досмотр вещей, веселые посиделки в зале ожидания, потерявшийся багаж нашего путешественника, первая встреча с Салехардом. Переезжая Обь по зимнику, в шутку прощаясь с цивилизацией, мы смеялись над замёрзшей водой в бутылках.
А потом...началась пурга. Не метель с мягкими снежинками, а пурга со снежной кбрупой, которая больно бьёт в лицо и руки. Когда не видно неба и земли. Через 5 часов ломается один из 3 трэколов. И водители в течение 3 часов под обжигающим ледяным ветром её ремонтируют.
Дорога в арктическую тундру. Долгая, сложная и местами опасная. Но она и стала важной частью нашего приключения. Наверное за эти 15 часов в пути, по полному бездорожью понимаешь, что такое настоящий дикий Север.
Уставшие, мы встретили рассвет 🌅 на месте нашего дальнейшего пребывания - в стойбище оленеводов. И расстелив по-быстрому спальники, заснули все как убитые. А утром началась адаптация к местной жизни, погоде, еде, иногда очень сильному ветру 💨 , метелям и яркому солнцу ☀️.
Оленина и рыба 🐟 были основными нашими продуктами. И конечно чай ☕️ и что покрепче 😉🥃 Наши повара Лёня и Оля кормили нас очень вкусно! Через день мы были готовы пить из одной кружки и есть одной ложкой. Лишь бы успеть 😂 к обеду или ужину.
Каждый день был расписан. Зимняя рыбалка, забой оленя и проба тёплой крови; разбор и сборка чума, катание на оленях, даже приготовление еды- это отдельная история. Ведь вода в тундре-это снег, который нужно натопить для начала.
Не смотря на позднюю ямальскую весну, было много-много солнца и синего неба! И конечно, белоснежная сказка, которая окружила нас, погрузила всех нас в другой мир!
Это была полная перезагрузка. Без телефонов, без соцсетей, без дресс кода, без каких-либо масок. Только ты и тундра. Только снег и олени . Только наша экспедиция в составе 13 человек и наши гостеприимные ненцы. И никого больше на 260 км. НИ-КО-ГО!
Поэтому каждый из нас стал частью дружной веселой команды.
И поверьте, самый грустный момент был тогда, когда пришла пора уезжать из тундры...
Сейчас принято говорить «выйти из зоны комфорта». Так вот для меня, покидая бесконечную сНежную тундру, я выходила из настоящего душевного комфорта.
Это авантюрное решение поехать на Крайний Север, жить жизнью оленеводов стало самым ярким приключением в моей жизни!
Я счастлива знакомству и дружбе с Алексеем Кольбовым, а для нас просто Мзунгу, организатором нашей экспедиции, который пригласил меня и мою сестру! Спасибо Mzungu Expeditions за всё!
И хочется сказать, до свидания 👋🏻 тундра, спасибо гостеприимный Ямал и надеюсь 🤞🏻 до встречи!
Мечтаю о новых путешествиях и верю, что однажды я обязательно соберу рюкзак 🎒 и снова отправлюсь в путь!
#ЭтоТундраДетка
#Ямал2018
#MzunguExpeditions
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